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Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries
117,69 € *
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In development literature Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is traditionally considered to be instrumental for the economic growth of all countries, particularly the developing ones. It acts as a panacea for breaking out of the vicious circle of low savings/low income and facilitates the import of capital goods and advanced technical knowhow. This book delves into the complex interaction of FDI with diverse factors. While FDI affects the efficiency of domestic producers through technological diffusion and spill-over effects, it also impinges on the labor market, affecting unemployment levels, human capital formation, wages (and wage inequality) and poverty, furthermore, it has important implications for socio-economic issues such as child labor, agricultural disputes over Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and environmental pollution. The empirical evidence with regard to most of the effects of FDI is highly mixed and reflects the fact that there are a number of mechanisms involved that interact with each other to produce opposing results. The book highlights the theoretical underpinnings behind the inherent contradictions and shows that the final outcome depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the nature of non-traded goods, factor endowments, technological and institutional factors. Thus, though not exhaustive, the book integrates FDI within most of the existing economic systems in order to define its much-debated role in developing economies. A theoretical analysis of the different facets of FDI as proposed in the book is thus indispensable, especially for the formulation of appropriate policies for foreign capital.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
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After Cancún
46,10 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The world is facing several serious challenges at the close of the fossil and nuclear energy regime: the limited resources of cheap conventional oil can only be surmounted by tapping unconventional oil reserves, e.g. deep sea oil. The explosion of the oil platform Deepwater Horizon in 2010 and the subsequent oil spill caused enormous damage, which even a year later cannot be fully estimated. Another even more important threat emanating from the fossil and nuclear energy regime has been brought to our attention by the Fukushima disaster. Last but not least, the problem of climate change caused by an increase in greenhouse gas emissions is looming, despite the fact that the international community has agreed on a considerable reduction of these emissions. Is this poor result of the Kyoto Protocol and the failure of successive climate conferences the consequence of a preference for the use of market-based instruments? The majority of climate scientists, economists, and politicians believe in the efficiency of "cap-and-trade" regulations. They even conceive them as a constituent ingredient of a "Green New Deal" or "Global Green Recovery". The contributions in this volume provide a critical examination of the theoretical foundations, the political implications, and the empirical experiences of the application of market mechanisms and financial instruments to climate policy.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Development of a testing method for efficiency ...
49,90 € *
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The undissolvable handkerchiefs/clothes in water can cause problem for the impellers in the pump. These clothes in huge amounts clog the impeller of the pump so hard, that this could cause damage to the impeller and the pump could stop functioning. So what to do? Either we can stop throwing these things in the pump, which is quite near to impossible, or we need to do something with our pumps. In the framework of the study, different parameters such as diameter of the impeller, the size of the impeller, the spill-over effect of the degree of contamination of water with such clothes on the impellers of the pump etcetera have been discussed and analyzed. The parameters were, moreover, calculated in different ways using different testing methods and test-beds. This, we believe, can help in achieving optimum efficiency for the waste water transportation.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Oil spill Treatment by Natural Adsorbent using ...
49,90 € *
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The experimental work carried out in this study shows that natural synthesis polyurethane and vegetable waste luffa could be used in a commercial scale for oil adsorption from sea water surface. In this procedure many factors were studied which effect on the oil adsorption capacity (gram oil / gram adsorbent) of polyurethane and luff when they were used as adsorbent in oil spill cleanup. These factors are: Type of water, weight of Adsorbent, shaking time, oil volume, temperature, Water hydrophobicity - oil oleophilicity of adsorbent, PH, and Reusability of Adsorbents. Removal efficiency of oil was studied using seawater and tap water. Efficiency of removal of oil and adsorption capacity was higher for sea water than tap water. The adsorbents weight of 0.2 gram polyurethane and 0.5gram luffa are the optimum amount of adsorbed oil and acceptable amount of water pick up with all types of used oil, so they were used in the experiments. The increase in shaking time increases the efficiency of removal oil from seawater .The optimum value was achieved at about (15min) for all types of used oil. The increase in oil volume decreases the efficiency of removal oil and the adsorpti

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
Zum Angebot
After Cancún
46,10 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The world is facing several serious challenges at the close of the fossil and nuclear energy regime: the limited resources of cheap conventional oil can only be surmounted by tapping unconventional oil reserves, e.g. deep sea oil. The explosion of the oil platform Deepwater Horizon in 2010 and the subsequent oil spill caused enormous damage, which even a year later cannot be fully estimated. Another even more important threat emanating from the fossil and nuclear energy regime has been brought to our attention by the Fukushima disaster. Last but not least, the problem of climate change caused by an increase in greenhouse gas emissions is looming, despite the fact that the international community has agreed on a considerable reduction of these emissions. Is this poor result of the Kyoto Protocol and the failure of successive climate conferences the consequence of a preference for the use of market-based instruments? The majority of climate scientists, economists, and politicians believe in the efficiency of "cap-and-trade" regulations. They even conceive them as a constituent ingredient of a "Green New Deal" or "Global Green Recovery". The contributions in this volume provide a critical examination of the theoretical foundations, the political implications, and the empirical experiences of the application of market mechanisms and financial instruments to climate policy.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
Zum Angebot
Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries
116,85 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

In development literature Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is traditionally considered to be instrumental for the economic growth of all countries, particularly the developing ones. It acts as a panacea for breaking out of the vicious circle of low savings/low income and facilitates the import of capital goods and advanced technical knowhow. This book delves into the complex interaction of FDI with diverse factors. While FDI affects the efficiency of domestic producers through technological diffusion and spill-over effects, it also impinges on the labor market, affecting unemployment levels, human capital formation, wages (and wage inequality) and poverty, furthermore, it has important implications for socio-economic issues such as child labor, agricultural disputes over Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and environmental pollution. The empirical evidence with regard to most of the effects of FDI is highly mixed and reflects the fact that there are a number of mechanisms involved that interact with each other to produce opposing results. The book highlights the theoretical underpinnings behind the inherent contradictions and shows that the final outcome depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the nature of non-traded goods, factor endowments, technological and institutional factors. Thus, though not exhaustive, the book integrates FDI within most of the existing economic systems in order to define its much-debated role in developing economies. A theoretical analysis of the different facets of FDI as proposed in the book is thus indispensable, especially for the formulation of appropriate policies for foreign capital.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
Zum Angebot
Logitech K280e
44,37 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

A quality investment for years of comfortable typing under heavy office use. Heavy-duty reinforced chassis Solid construction ensures extended durability and 3-year limited hardware warranty provides for long-term use. Full-size, comfortable palm rest Provides extra comfort to keep employees productive throughout the day. Spill-resistant design Helps protect your investment from losses caused by common office spills like coffee.1 Modern, elegant profile Sophisticated design helps create an attractive workspace that employees enjoy. Nearly-silent, low-profile keys with smooth action typing Ensure comfortable and quiet typing around the office. Keys designed to withstand up to 10 million keystrokes Keys are designed to take years of heavy office use, protecting the longevity of your investment. Full-size keyboard layout with shortcut keys All computing control tools are intuitively designed for easy reach. High-quality, padded key prints with UV coating Prevents letters and numbers from wearing down over time, minimizing employee requests for a replacement keyboard. Tilt legs Set the angle of the keyboard so it fits just right. LED notification center Visually signals the typing mode - caps, scroll, number lock USB plug-and-play setup Works right out of the box for maximum efficiency — no software installation required.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Processing Technologies for the Forest and Biob...
31,90 CHF *
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The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in April 2010 has showed us that increasing risk and costs have to be accepted to satisfy the increasing demand of material and energy resources from a worldwide perspective. Increasing the recovery of raw materials is one possibility but another one is increasing efficiency in processing and production. Therefore the development and improvement of processing technologies is a crucial factor for economic progression. This conference should give an overview of new developments in processing technologies in the forest and biobased products industries.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Efficiency, Market Dynamics and Industry Growth
124,00 CHF *
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The dynamics of industry growth, technology and globalization have a dramatic impact on the current economic growth of nations, significantly changing the market structure and world trade, and challenging the competitive equilibrium and their guiding principles. In the world of innovations and spill-over of R&D effects, various forms of non-competitive market structures have evolved in recent times. This book analyzes the new paradigm of change in technology intensive industries, with an emphasis in three main areas; non-parametric models of growth, sources of industry growth and non-competitive market structures in a dynamic framework. The authors to this volume utilise theoretical and empirical analysis to examine the role of R&D investment and Solow-type technical progress, using the non-parametric methods of efficiency analysis, also known as Data Envelopment Analysis. This book is essential reading for all interested in economic theory and innovation.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 28.11.2020
Zum Angebot